Children and adults with intellectual disabilities inspire us every day at Special Olympics events around the world. But what are intellectual disabilities?
What is Intellectual Disability?
Intellectual disability (ID) is a term used to describe a person with certain limitations in cognitive functioning and other skills, including communication and self-care.
Fragile X Syndrome
Fragile X is a genetic condition that affects a person’s development, especially behavior and the ability to learn.
Down syndrome describes a set of cognitive and physical symptoms that result from having an extra copy or part of a copy of chromosome 21.
Autism is a complex neurological and developmental condition that affects how a person learns, communicates and interacts with others.
Other Intellectual Disabilities
There are many other types of intellectual disabilities—some have known causes, while others remain unknown.